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8/1/2014 11:52:39 AM ET
Glossary of Terms
Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation

A major group of disorders of infancy, childhood, or adolescence characterized by intellectual functioning that is significantly below average (IQ of 70 or below), manifested before the age of 18 by impaired adaptive functioning (below expected performance for age in such areas as social or daily living skills, communication, and self-sufficiency).

Mildly Retarded

A slight deviation below the normal range of intelligence and adaptive behavior. Individuals who are mildly retarded can benefit from academic instruction and are often referred to as educable mentally retarded. Below is a link to the nationís leading professional association of and for persons who are mentally retarded and an additional Web Resources for Mental Retardation

American Association on Mental Retardation - AAMR
The Arc of the United States; Children Who Are Mentally Retarded - American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Person-Centered Planning

A planning process that brings together the individual with mental retardation and other significant people in that personís life to work together to identify the individualís needs and wants and the services he or she needs to attain the future the person envisions.

Supported Employment

The placement of individuals with psychiatric disabilities or mental retardation into competitive employment positions with a job coach who does on-the-job training and supervision to facilitate employment and enhance job retention.


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